Diseases

Trichotillomania: symptoms

There are several types of trichotillomanies whose symptoms differ. What remains common is its repetitive nature.

This disease results in uncontrollable automatic drive actions that may suggest symptoms of OCD. The subject pulls the hair one by one, or in packets, in an area of ​​the scalp more or less demarcated, in a more or less precise context, the whole in fairly ritualized terms.

Trichotillomania is also approaching addictive behavior, in that it gives pleasure to the patient, and that it is difficult for him to do without it. It is thus described as a behavioral addiction.

Typically trichotillomania is often followed by a guilt phase. Patients feel a sense of embarrassment or shame at being unable to control themselves. This compulsion is a source of pleasure and appeasement, aimed at fighting the moment against a nervous tension. An episode of trichotillomania can also be triggered by stress, anguish or anger. But symptoms can also occur on a daily basis without a triggering cause being identified. Pulling hair or hair can sometimes lead to potentially severe alopecia.

People with trichotillomania tend to consult a dermatologist (because of hair and hair symptoms) instead of going to a psychiatrist who is better able to treat the disorder by looking for the causes.

It should be noted that medical imaging exams show similarities between people suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and trichotillomers.

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Read also :

> Kleptomania
> Attack of panic
> Psychosis

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