Suicide - or attempted suicide - can have multiple causes. People suffering from a mental illness are certainly more often affected, but in a difficult situation, no one is safe from suicidal thoughts.
The causes behind the desire for suicide are numerous:
- Suicide may seem the only way out, the only possible alternative to get out of a difficult and trying situation.
- Suicide can be a cry for help to attract attention.
- Suicide can be a protest against something.
It also happens that someone tries to put another person under pressure by committing (or announcing) a suicide.
Suicide affects all social strata, but in some groups of people the suicidal risk is higher, for example among:
- People suffering from depression,
- People suffering from addictions, for example those related to alcohol,
- People with psychosis, such as schizophrenia,
- People who are in a deep crisis or who have experienced a traumatic experience (eg separation, professional or financial problems, criminal act, death of a close person ...),
- Seniors who feel lonely and / or suffer from a painful, chronic and severely disabling condition
- Adolescents and young adults who, for example, have family problems or are in crisis,
- People who have ever had suicidal thoughts or have already attempted suicide,
- People with serious illness (such as cancer) or chronic illness, severe pain or mutilation.
Recognize the warning signs
It is rare that a person commits suicide without emitting signals before. Generally, the intention to kill oneself is reflected in certain signs and behaviors. A suicidal person can for example:
- to be resigned, dejected and desperate.
- to withdraw and isolate themselves more and more.
- express suicidal thoughts and intentions.
- prepare for suicide, for example by adding tablets (medicines).
- say goodbye to loved ones or give away very personal things.