The causes of spasmophilia are not well known. But many hypotheses have been mentioned. Some equate spasmophilia with an anxiety attack, or a panic attack, triggered by a stressful situation. The tetany would be explained by an alkalosis (organism not enough acid), itself caused by the hyperventilation due to a too fast breathing. One of the ways to relieve the crisis is to help the person to breathe calmly, or to breathe in a bag (plastic or paper) to acidify the body with inhaled CO2.
Others regard spasmophilia as a crisis of hysteria, in other words a hysterical conversion. In this case, the crisis of spasmophilia would be a devious means of expressing an inner tension, or an internal anxiety, which would not otherwise be accessible to the consciousness. This would be the cause of a difficulty in apprehending conflict situations, internal or external.
Mineral deficiencies are another common cause of spasmophilia that has never been proven. Some professionals believe that spasmophilia is associated with a lack of calcium, phosphorus or magnesium.
It is common to find a family history of spasmophilia in the family. This does not necessarily mean the genetic cause of this pathology, but it does suggest a possible familial transmission of this pathology. This can be done through genes, but also through education, and by identifying with certain behaviors.
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