Diseases

AIDS (HIV): treatments

The treatment of AIDS has several dimensions: the preventive and curative treatment of "opportunistic" infections, vaccinations against certain infections, and finally antiretroviral treatment against HIV.

Antiretroviral treatment (so called because HIV is part of the retrovirus category) is the treatment that reduces the viral load in the body, and slow down the course of the disease. These treatments, often in combination, are indicated at the AIDS stage of the disease, or when the immune defenses are frankly weakened.

Today antiretroviral treatments are more effective, but do not cure the disease (HIV viruses remain in the body, although they are much less numerous - viral load decreased). These drugs, however, extend the survival of patients considerably. These are heavy treatments, difficult to accept, and with side effects. However, the tolerance for treatment is improving year by year thanks to the progress of research.

The earlier the disease is treated, the better it will be afterwards.
The treatment of AIDS or an HIV-positive person is the job of a medical specialist (infectious diseases), even if the general practitioner can ensure the medical supervision of the patient, and provide part of its care. In addition to anti-HIV treatment, the doctor must also treat opportunistic infections, the harmful effects of anti-HIV drugs, etc.

Anyone who may have taken a risk (needle exchange, unprotected sex, etc.) should be screened.

When a risk has been taken (exposure to contaminated blood, unprotected sexual intercourse with a person at risk, exchange of contaminated needles, etc.), it is possible to take preventive treatment within 48 hours. In such a situation, it is advisable to go to the emergency room of a hospital. A doctor will assess with you the risk of HIV infection. Will then be taken, or not, the decision of antiretroviral treatment of a duration of 4 weeks. This treatment is only useful if it is started within 48 hours of the risk situation. Checks will be made after the treatment.

Want to share, share your experience or need advice? Appointment in our FORUMS STD, Sexuality or A doctor answers you !

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Pancreatic cancer - Diseases
Diseases

Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer usually occurs in older people (between the ages of 70 and 80), and is more common in men. The pancreas is an organ located deep in the abdomen, it is unfortunately impossible to detect at an early stage of development, unlike breast cancer or prostate cancer. Unfortunately, pancreatic cancer is too often discovered at a fairly advanced stage
Read More
Hip fever: Sources and notes - Diseases
Diseases

Hip fever: Sources and notes

> Lameness: a common symptom in children. Practical information n ° 11, Sofcot, 2005. > C. Job-Deslandre. Hip Pathology in Children, Journal of Rheumatism 76 (2009) 361-366. Authors: Dr. Nicolas Evrard and Dr. Ada Picard.
Read More
Glaucoma: the causes - Diseases
Diseases

Glaucoma: the causes

When the aqueous humor circulates badly and / or is poorly absorbed, an increase in the pressure of the eye appears. When the pressure reaches a certain level, it causes irreversible damage to the retina and the optic nerve. In open-angle glaucoma, this excess pressure is progressive. In narrow-angle glaucoma, the circulation of the aqueous humor is blocked by the closure of the angle, and the intraocular pressure increases sharply
Read More
Migraine: the testimony of a patient - Diseases
Diseases

Migraine: the testimony of a patient

Laure, 25, has migrated since adolescence. She gives us her testimony ... How were your migraines revealed? I have been a migraine sufferer since I was 13 years old. At first the migraines were spaced. I had it at the time of menstruation, then as time passed, I had more and more. Suspecting a hormonal imbalance, my doctor prescribed me the pill
Read More