Diseases

Schizophrenia: the symptoms

Psychiatrists list two major types of symptoms in this disease:

  • Symptoms related to delirium, called "positive":

For example delusional ideas of persecution, auditory hallucinations, anxieties of corporal transformations, crises of agitation.

  • Symptoms called "negative" which are linked to a decrease of the physical and psychic capacities:

For example, a tendency to withdraw into oneself and to withdraw socially to take refuge in an inner world; difficulties of concentration, attention and impoverishment of speech.

According to the symptoms presented by the patients, there are at least seven clinical forms of schizophrenia. Thus, psychiatrists prefer to use the term "schizophrenia" in the plural rather than the singular.

There are seven main forms of schizophrenia:

1 - Simple zhizophrenia

Negative symptoms are at the forefront: impoverishment of socio-professional relationships, tendency to isolation and autistic withdrawal in an inner world. There are few if any delirious symptoms. This form evolves slowly but very often towards a deficit more and more marked.

2 - Paranoid schizophrenia.

This is the most common form of schizophrenia. Delirium dominates the clinical picture and most often responds to antipsychotic treatments.

3 - Hebephrenic schizophrenia.

The dissociation of the psychic unit of the subject is predominant. It is the most resistant form to therapeutics.

4 - Catatonic schizophrenia.

The patient is physically frozen and retains the attitudes imposed on him, like a doll of wax. He is locked in a mutism, or even repeats the same sentences. Currently, this form is processed and is rarely final.

5 - Dysthymic schizophrenia.

Acute attacks have the particularity of being accompanied by depressive symptoms, with suicidal risk, or contrary to manic symptoms. These forms respond at least in part to lithium treatments.

6 - Pseudoneurotic schizophrenia.

It combines symptoms of schizophrenia with significant symptoms of neurosis (hysterical, phobic, anxiety or obsessive).

7 - Pseudo-psychopathic or "heboidophrenic" schizophrenia.

It coexists very violent acting out and dissociative symptoms like a great affective coldness.

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Read also :

> Paranoia: the delusion of persecution
> Hysteria: a disorder that is not reserved for women!
> Manic-depressive psychosis
> Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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