Diseases

Rubella: the symptoms

1 - The symptoms of rubella

In 50% of cases, rubella goes undetected and has no visible symptoms. In other cases, a rash appears. It starts behind the ears in the form of small red patches. Then the red patches spread in twenty-four hours, first on the face and then on the whole body. The eruption is fleeting, that is, it can appear and disappear quickly.

The fever is generally low. Sometimes, there are ganglia on the back of the neck and behind the ears. Finally, other symptoms, such as joint pain (arthralgia) may occur.

More serious complications are rare but possible: polyarthritis (inflammation of the joints), purpura (red spots on the skin) for lack of platelets, me'ningo-ence'phalite.

At the blood test, there is a drop in white blood cells (leukopenia), sometimes associated with plasmocytosis (presence of plasmocytes abnormally in the blood).

2 - The symptoms of congenital rubella

If rubella is benign in children, it is very serious when it occurs in the embryo and the fetus during its development. Congenital rubella can cause multiple malformations, which vary according to the age of pregnancy: in the eyes, ears, heart and brain. This congenital rubella can be responsible for serious symptoms: blindness, deafness, heart problems and mental retardation in the unborn child.

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Read also :
> Mumps
> Pertussis
> Meningitis in children

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