In the collective imagination, cancer is synonymous with suffering. Yet, cancer is not usually painful at first. The tumor cell can be born and develop without the person concerned realizing it and feeling the slightest pain. Nevertheless, when the disease progresses, whether treated or not, pain can occur.
Where does the pain come from in cancer?
In about 70% of cases, the pain is caused directly by the cancer that develops. The tumor taking more space, phenomena of compression, infiltration or ulceration may emerge and thus make the patient suffer.
In about 20% of cases, the pain is due to anticancer treatments. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormone therapy or surgery: all these treatments have more or less important side effects and painful according to the patients. Care related to cancer treatment such as catheter placement, insertion of a urinary catheter or punctures can also be a source of temporary pain for the patient.
Finally, for 10% of patients, the pain is due to a disease that he already had before cancer such as diabetes, osteoarthritis or asthma.
If the pain persists after three months, we will talk about chronic pain. The latter will have a considerable impact on the quality of life of the patient.
What are the consequences of these pains?
Although often considered "normal", pain during cancer can have serious consequences. It can be a sign of an anomaly in the treatment, the evolution of the disease or an additional problem that deserves to be treated and treated quickly.
In the long run, it can dramatically alter the patient's quality of life and morale. The latter can eventually develop depression, be aggressive because of his physical suffering and especially be in a real psychological distress.
In addition to being personal and subjective, the pain is silent. She needs a voice to be heard and only the patient can express it.
To say that one has pain seems obvious, however, many patients do not dare to share their pain. Why ? Simply because they are ashamed to appear too "snug", afraid to worry their entourage, are worried about what can hide this pain. They prefer to "do with" but do not realize the impact of pain during cancer.
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