Tick ​​bite: how to remove a tick?

It is important to know how to remove a tick properly.

As indicated, it happens that the tick is implanted in the skin. In this case, remove the tick as soon as possible. Here are a few tips :

  • To remove a tick, ideally use a tick-forceps, a tick card or a tick-tick. If necessary, a tweezers can troubleshoot.
  • Apply the forceps as close to the skin as possible at the tick's head.
  • Remove the tick slowly but firmly, taking care not to tear off its head: its mouthpiece may remain implanted in the skin.
  • Do not apply the clamp to the body of the tick (at the risk of crushing it) and do not try to catch the tick with your fingers: if you crush your body, saliva and the contents of the tick Tick ​​gut - possibly containing pathogens - could come into contact with the wound.
  • For the same reason, do not try to "burn" the tick with a lighter or a match: the tick could, in response, empty saliva or the contents of its intestine into the wound, which would increase the risk of infection in the presence of pathogens.
  • Do not apply "homemade" products such as oil, glue, nail polish remover or alcohol on the tick.
  • Once you have removed the tick, clean and disinfect the sting of the sting with an antiseptic.
  • If parts of the tick's body remain implanted in the wound, consult a doctor for removal.

Once you have removed the tick, you should monitor the place of the bite for 3 to 4 weeks: the appearance of redness could indeed indicate the beginning of Lyme disease. In this case, you must consult a doctor as soon as possible. Similarly, if you have flu-like symptoms within 2 to 3 weeks after the bite.

When to call a doctor?

In most cases, a tick bite does not require medical intervention. But you should consult a doctor if:

  • you can not remove the tick or parts of the tick get stuck in the skin.
  • a few days or weeks after the bite, a red halo appears around the bite and gradually extends outwards (erythema migrans, EM). To know: a small red plate appearing within 24 hours after the bite is a normal reaction!
  • you have flu-like symptoms a few days after the bite, such as: fever, fatigue, joint pain, headache.
  • the sting ignites.
  • you are pregnant (preventive antibiotic treatment).
  • you are immunocompromised (HIV, immunosuppressive treatment, etc.).
Read also :
> Dog bites
> Rabies: when should you worry?
> Other health topics of the summer
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