It is important to know how to remove a tick properly.
As indicated, it happens that the tick is implanted in the skin. In this case, remove the tick as soon as possible. Here are a few tips :
- To remove a tick, ideally use a tick-forceps, a tick card or a tick-tick. If necessary, a tweezers can troubleshoot.
- Apply the forceps as close to the skin as possible at the tick's head.
- Remove the tick slowly but firmly, taking care not to tear off its head: its mouthpiece may remain implanted in the skin.
- Do not apply the clamp to the body of the tick (at the risk of crushing it) and do not try to catch the tick with your fingers: if you crush your body, saliva and the contents of the tick Tick gut - possibly containing pathogens - could come into contact with the wound.
- For the same reason, do not try to "burn" the tick with a lighter or a match: the tick could, in response, empty saliva or the contents of its intestine into the wound, which would increase the risk of infection in the presence of pathogens.
- Do not apply "homemade" products such as oil, glue, nail polish remover or alcohol on the tick.
- Once you have removed the tick, clean and disinfect the sting of the sting with an antiseptic.
- If parts of the tick's body remain implanted in the wound, consult a doctor for removal.
Once you have removed the tick, you should monitor the place of the bite for 3 to 4 weeks: the appearance of redness could indeed indicate the beginning of Lyme disease. In this case, you must consult a doctor as soon as possible. Similarly, if you have flu-like symptoms within 2 to 3 weeks after the bite.
When to call a doctor?
In most cases, a tick bite does not require medical intervention. But you should consult a doctor if:
- you can not remove the tick or parts of the tick get stuck in the skin.
- a few days or weeks after the bite, a red halo appears around the bite and gradually extends outwards (erythema migrans, EM). To know: a small red plate appearing within 24 hours after the bite is a normal reaction!
- you have flu-like symptoms a few days after the bite, such as: fever, fatigue, joint pain, headache.
- the sting ignites.
- you are pregnant (preventive antibiotic treatment).
- you are immunocompromised (HIV, immunosuppressive treatment, etc.).
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