Diseases

Phobia: treatments

The treatments for phobias can be diverse, but it is certainly the behavioral therapies that today represent the main treatment.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies (CBT)

These therapies are currently offered as first-line treatment for mild phobias. They are brief and the program is pre-established between the cognitive-behavioral therapist and the patient.

First, the patient and the therapist establish a hierarchical list of phobias (from the most serious to the least severe). Then, the subject imagines the distressing situations according to a pre-established progression and learns at the same time to relax. The patient is then progressively confronted with his fears in reality (progressive desensitization).

The place of psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis is a very good indication if the patient requests it. It can be done in addition to a CBT to understand why we became phobic.

Drug treatments

Drug-based treatments are indicated in the following cases:

- When anxiety attacks are frequent and disabling, we can prescribe anxiolytics. The mere "contraphobic" presence of one of these medications on oneself is sometimes enough to reduce the anxiety of an agoraphobe in a public place.

- Some types of antidepressants can be effective (especially for social phobias).

These medications may be associated with cognitive-behavioral therapy.

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Read also :

> Which psychotherapy to choose?
> Behavioral therapy: what is it?
> Getting out of a depression
> Bipolar disorder
> Overcoming your phobias and anxiety disorders

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