Diseases

Menopause: the symptoms

The symptoms of menopause are not systematic, and some women are in menopause without feeling any symptoms (or almost). However, in some women, symptoms can be very bothersome.

Climacteric symptoms

The menopause is manifested in a certain number of women by climacteric symptoms (the climacteric is the menopause), namely: hot flushes more or less important, accompanied by sweats and redness of the face sometimes unpleasant.

These hot flashes can be intense enough to wake the woman at night or cause some discomfort when they appear in the day in front of everyone.

The "psychological" impact

Instability of mood can appear around menopause such as:

  • a certain irritability,
  • anxiety,
  • disorders of attention and memory,
  • tiredness,
  • insomnia,
  • a drop in libido,
  • etc.

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The "physical" symptoms

The dryness of the skin and mucous membranes accelerate at the time of menopause: skin that pulls and wrinkles, dry vaginal mucosa, discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse.

It can also appear urinary symptoms, such as urinary leakage on exertion (sneezing, coughing, laughing), secondary to a loss of tone of the perineum.

Other symptoms, such as joint stiffness and muscle wasting can occur in the menopausal age.

Similarly, to the chagrin of the ladies, weight gain can occur, with a preferred fat deposit at the waist and hips.

What are the causes of vaginal dryness?

The causes of vaginal dryness can be multiple, menopause can be one of them. It is essential to determine them in order to find a suitable treatment.

  • To read also: Symptoms of menopause: and if it was a hypothyroidism?

Osteoporosis favored by menopause

Menopause promotes the appearance of osteoporosis. Indeed, the decline in estrogen production induces a decrease in the mineral pattern: it is osteoporosis. It is characterized by a fragility of the bones and a risk of bone fracture. It appears in almost all women, more or less early, depending on the age of menopause.

However, it is not only menopause that causes osteoporosis: lean people, early menopause, corticosteroid treatment, alcohol, tobacco, sedentary lifestyle, family history are all factors that promote demineralization. bone.

© iStock

With age, the level of estrogen and progesterone declines. During the transition to menopause, estrogen levels can drop dramatically, which is why some women may use Substitute Hormonal Therapy (HRT).

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Menopause, Gynecology or A doctor answers you!

Read also :

> Pre-menopause: recognize the first signs
> Vaginal dryness: causes and treatments
> Our advice against urinary leakage
> Exercises to strengthen the perineum (VIDEO)

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