In France, sperm donation is governed by the 2013 bioethics law.
Here is who can give:
- The donor must be between 18 and 45 years old. Since 2015, it is useless to be a parent to give.
- Since 2004, a single man can give his sperm. If he is a couple, the spouse must agree in writing.
- The donor must be voluntary and will not be paid.
Who can receive?
Receivers of a sperm donation must meet certain conditions:
- Being a heterosexual couple (single women or homosexual couples can not be recipients, in France).
- Be married or living together for 2 years or more.
- The sperm donation is intended for couples whose man is infertile, for example because of azoospermia (absence of spermatozoa in semen), or when he carries a disease that can be transmitted to the child.
The wait to receive a sperm donation is often long (between 1 and 3 years). However, in 2004, the bioethics law was revised, and now allows a maximum of 10 children born from the sperm of the same donor.
Note: the choice of sperm of a donor is made taking into account the morphological characteristics (skin color, hair ...) and blood (blood group) of the recipient couple.