When we talk about diabetes, then it is inevitably a question of a hormone secreted by the pancreas: insulin. This hormone allows the sugar ( glucose) that arrives in the blood after a meal, for example, to be assimilated by the cells of the body and transformed into energy or energy reserves: in the form of glycogen in the liver and muscles, or in the form of fats.
When the pancreas works poorly, or when the body misuses the insulin produced, it appears diabetes. That is to say for type 2 diabetes (by far the most common) a higher than normal sugar level. Greater than 1.26 g / l (7 mmol / l).
There are two kinds of diabetes:
> Type I diabetes : or insulin-dependent diabetes, is the diabetes of the young, non-obese subject. The pancreas does not work anymore or very badly, so treatment with insulin injections is mandatory.
- To read our complete file: Diabetes type 1: the essential thing to know
> Type II diabetes : or non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the diabetes of the older subject, rather overweight. The treatment begins with certain dietary rules, and lifestyle (physical activity, smoking cessation ...), oral anti-diabetic drugs, and sometimes, in the long term, by insulin injections.
There is one particular case of diabetes when it occurs during pregnancy: gestational diabetes (or: gestational diabetes).
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