Diseases

Laryngitis: the causes

The causes

The causes of laryngitis vary with the age and location of the inflammation.

1 - Subglottic laryngitis

It is a laryngitis of the small child between 1 and 6 years old. It is often observed in the course of a rhino-pharyngitis (cold) of viral origin.

2 - Epiglottitis

Epiglottitis is a severe bacterial laryngitis caused by a bacterium such as haemophilus influenzae.

3 - Laryngitis of the big child and the adult

The causes of these laryngitis are most often infectious. They appear during an influenza episode or pharyngitis.

The causes of laryngitis can also be irritating. This is the case of gastro-oesophageal reflux laryngitis, or smoker's chronic laryngitis.

This laryngitis is due to permanent irritation of the larynx because of the acidity of the gastric juices that go back to the larynx, or tobacco; this chronic irritation can turn into cancer. This is why a hoarse voice in a smoker must lead him to consult his doctor.

Another cause is vocal vocal irritation laryngitis. It concerns people who use their voice intensively, such as teachers, singers ...

Symptoms

1 - Stridulous acute laryngitis (subglottic)

It is also called "false croup" because the cough resembles that of diphtheria.

The symptoms of this acute laryngitis begin in the evening or early in the night: the child has fever (38-39 ° C), his voice becomes more and more hoarse, and his breathing becomes laborious.

The cough is very characteristic, and is similar to the sound of a bark.

2 - Epiglottitis

The epiglottis is a cartilaginous anatomical structure behind and at the bottom of the tongue. It acts as a valve at the time of swallowing (when we drink or when we swallow something) and allows food to pass into the esophagus, located behind the trachea.

Epiglottitis can occur in small children in a high fever setting. It can be serious because the swelling of the epiglottis can clog and compromise the passage of air.

The child has a covered voice, similar to that of a toad. He is quickly out of breath and unable to eat anything. His state of health can deteriorate very quickly.

3 - Laryngitis of the big child and the adult

These are the classic extinctions of voice, giving as symptoms a simply hoarse voice or a total aphonia. They do not have the urgency of laryngitis of the child.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? See you in our ENT FORUMS or A doctor answers you!

Read also :

> Mandatory vaccination Diphtheria Tetanus Polio (DTP)
> The hyperthermic convulsion of the child
> Dysphagia: the difficulty to swallow
> Angina: causes for treatment

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Ectopic pregnancy (EGU): treatments - Diseases
Diseases

Ectopic pregnancy (EGU): treatments

The treatments depend on the evolution of the ectopic pregnancy (EPG) at the time of the diagnosis. This treatment is not necessary if the ectopic pregnancy progresses to a spontaneous expulsion (without complication). In this case, medical supervision (ultrasound, blood tests) may suffice. In patients with few signs, for whom there is doubt about the diagnosis, it is possible to refrain from intervening provided that they are closely monitored (ultrasound and repeated dosing in the blood of beta-HCG)
Read More
Burns - Diseases
Diseases

Burns

Skin and mucous membrane burns can be caused by heat, contact with flames, or with equipment, a burning liquid ... but also with caustic chemicals (acids or alkalis), radiation , electrocution . Burns are sometimes severe, not only because of their extent or depth (degree) or causative agent, but also if the victim is a baby or young child; or an elderly or sick person
Read More
Fatigue fracture - Diseases
Diseases

Fatigue fracture

The fatigue fracture is a kind of microscopic cracks in a bone. The fatigue fracture derives its name from the science of materials which establishes that a solid element subjected in a durable way to repetitive forces, finally presents, within its structure cracks. Such structural defects are studied, for example, about planes or bridges for which it is important to detect them before they become the source of disasters
Read More
Anaphylactic shock - Diseases
Diseases

Anaphylactic shock

Anaphylactic shock is the manifestation of the most serious allergic reaction , which can be life-threatening, since it may present a risk of death due to cardiac arrest or asphyxia. Anaphylactic shock is a medical emergency requiring prompt and appropriate management. It is therefore vital that people at risk learn to recognize the early signs of this acute allergic attack, so as to act as soon as possible and avoid the most serious consequences
Read More