Diseases

Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis is an infectious viral disease caused by wild poliovirus (as opposed to the polio vaccine virus used in oral vaccines).

It is a very contagious disease that can be fatal. The virus spreads from one person to another mainly through the fecal-oral route or less frequently through the ingestion of contaminated water or food.

Fever, fatigue, headache, vomiting, stiff neck and pain in the limbs are the first symptoms.

The polio virus invades the nervous system and causes paralysis of the muscles, reaching a major part of the spinal cord (the anterior cords of the spinal cord), where the motor roots of the nerves pass. Between 5 and 10% of paralyzed patients die when their respiratory muscles stop functioning.

Polio is being eradicated today thanks to the large vaccination campaigns that have been carried out all over the world for decades, whether in industrialized countries or in developing countries.

Polio is now found in only a dozen countries and especially in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Niger and Nigeria. Some cases persist in other African countries.

Poliomyelitis mainly affects children under five.

Since there is no treatment, prevention is the only option. The vaccine, as well as its recalls, gives the child a lifelong protection.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our thematic FORUMS or A doctor answers you !

Read also :

> Infantile diseases
> Baby vaccination
> Vaccination of the child
> Mandatory vaccination Diphtheria Tetanus Polio (DTP)

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Endometriosis: the testimony of a patient - Diseases
Diseases

Endometriosis: the testimony of a patient

The testimony of Clara, 36 years old and pregnant for 5 months. How did you discover your endometriosis? In fact, I have always had painful, abundant and painful periods. But I did not pay more attention. My mother, too, had painful periods, my sisters, too. I thought it was like that ... for everyone
Read More
Sinusitis - Diseases
Diseases

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is a very common condition, especially in winter when viruses are particularly active ... but not only! Sinusitis is a disease of the sinuses and more precisely an inflammation of the lining of the sinuses. It is also often due to bacterial superinfection secondary to an upper respiratory tract (nose-throat) such as a cold
Read More
Diverticulitis: Treatments - Diseases
Diseases

Diverticulitis: Treatments

1 - Acute treatments In case of acute symptoms revealing diverticulitis, hospitalization may be necessary to perform additional tests and manage the disease. The first-line treatment is first medical with infused antibiotics, a food diet - to put the gut at rest - and antispasmodics. Most of the time this medical treatment is sufficient
Read More
Leukemia - Diseases
Diseases

Leukemia

Also known as " cancer" of the blood, leukemia is a rare but serious disease, due to an abnormal and uncontrolled multiplication of blood cells from an abnormal cell. These abnormal cells are called "blasts". In Greek, leukos means "white" and haima = blood. Literally, leukemia means "white blood" because of a significant increase in abnormal white blood cells
Read More