Diseases

Phobia: this irrational fear

Historically, phobias belong to the group of neuroses. In the Freudian sense, the term neurosis refers to a disease of the personality explained by essentially psychological factors.

In neuroses, unlike psychoses, the subject has not lost contact with reality and is aware of suffering from a psychological disorder. But he can not control his anxieties.

Phobias are anxiety attacks triggered by the presence of a specific object or situation, which are not objectively dangerous.

To avoid anxiety, the subject will develop so-called "contraphobic" behaviors, such as:

- Avoidance of the object or the phobic situation.

- Attempt reassurance with the help of people or "contraphobic" objects that allow in their presence to face the phobic situation without anxiety (example: presence of a friend or a small object fetish to go to the cinema in case of claustrophobia).

- Driving forward, giving rise to a deliberate confrontation of the feared danger, to an attitude of bravado, challenge (example: jumping elastic while the subject has a phobia of emptiness).

When phobias are mild, cognitive-behavioral therapies can be used to treat them. The patient can also, if he wishes, try to better understand the origin of his anxieties through a therapy of analytical inspiration. Note that some therapists combine these two skills.

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Read also :

> Social phobia: causes and treatments
> My child suffers from school phobia
> What is psychosis?
> Neurosis: symptoms to treatment

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