Historically, phobias belong to the group of neuroses. In the Freudian sense, the term neurosis refers to a disease of the personality explained by essentially psychological factors.
In neuroses, unlike psychoses, the subject has not lost contact with reality and is aware of suffering from a psychological disorder. But he can not control his anxieties.Phobias are anxiety attacks triggered by the presence of a specific object or situation, which are not objectively dangerous.
To avoid anxiety, the subject will develop so-called "contraphobic" behaviors, such as:
- Avoidance of the object or the phobic situation.
- Attempt reassurance with the help of people or "contraphobic" objects that allow in their presence to face the phobic situation without anxiety (example: presence of a friend or a small object fetish to go to the cinema in case of claustrophobia).
- Driving forward, giving rise to a deliberate confrontation of the feared danger, to an attitude of bravado, challenge (example: jumping elastic while the subject has a phobia of emptiness).
When phobias are mild, cognitive-behavioral therapies can be used to treat them. The patient can also, if he wishes, try to better understand the origin of his anxieties through a therapy of analytical inspiration. Note that some therapists combine these two skills.You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Psychology, Stress and Anguish or A doctor answers you!
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