In France, more than 500, 000 people suffer from epilepsy, a disease that often starts in children, or even very young children.
Today, the disease is better known than in the past. But despite better medical responses, more drugs and better tolerated, better informed teachers to accommodate children in schools ... epilepsy is a disease that still poses many problems.
The discovery of epilepsy in a child often panic parents who ask many questions, question and often become anxious about the future of their child, on his schooling ...
Depending on the age of the child, there are different forms of epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition. There is no standard epilepsy, but epilepsy sometimes very different from each other. We could tell each child his epilepsy. Indeed, these diseases do not have the same symptoms, do not produce the same effects and also will not be experienced differently from one person to another.
This article written with a medical specialist, provides an update on the causes, symptoms and treatment of epilepsy in children.
And do not miss the hopeful testimony of Normane, now healed.
Age-related epileptic seizures
The age of the onset of epileptic disease should be taken into account, both for the diagnosis of the disease and for its prognosis.
In general, we can distinguish four main periods of appearance:
From birth to 3 months:
the disease is often secondary to a pathology, or even a neurological malformation. The prognosis is then generally more severe.
From 3 months to 4 years old:
This is the age when children frequently have convulsions related to fever. When seizures recur, they may be due to neurological malformation or metabolic disease.
It is also the age of West's syndrome, with spasms in flexion or extension of the head, body and limbs, for a few seconds.
From 4 to 10 years:
The crises are well defined. This is usually the time when genetic causes (familial or accidental) are most often found. At this age, cerebral malformations and metabolic diseases are more rarely manifested by seizures.
From 10 to 20 years old:
These are often generalized crises. At this age, the transient epilepsies of childhood disappear, such as epilepsy-absences or some benign partial epilepsies.
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Author: Sylvie Charbonnier.
Expert consultant: Dr. Stéphane Auvin, neuropediatrician specialized in epilepsy, at the Robert-Debré Hospital, Paris.