What There Is To Know

The epididymis

The epididymis is a very long and very thin canal that is used to transport the spermatozoa made in the testicle to the vas deferens and the urethra. Each man, therefore, has two epididymides.

The very long epididymis


This long canal is actually attached to the testicle, upwards and to the side. Very fine, he is folded on himself. But unfolded, the epididymis reaches about 5 meters! Throughout this journey traveled sperm, they will become mature.

The spermatozoa will become more mobile, their cell nucleus will mature. They will even change a little shape (loss of cytoplasmic drops), and will acquire the property of "recognize" an egg for a possible future fertilization.

In the interior of the epididymal canal, the composition of the fluid changes, participating in the maturation of the spermatozoa.

We distinguish the top of the epididymis which is the head, and at the end: the tail. Throughout this journey, the cells lining the interior of the epididymis are not the same.

Diseases


The epididymis can be a victim of a disease, various problems ... It can occur epididymal agenesis. In this case, there is a congenital defect in the development of the epididymis. This small organ has not developed normally, which will be a source of sterility in humans.

This epididymis can be a victim of inflammation, it is called epididymitis. This inflammation can be of infectious origin. The infectious agents involved are numerous: chlamydia, gonococcus ... Often, the inflammation also affects the testicle: it is an orchi-epididymitis. The main symptoms are: local pain, sometimes redness. Antibiotic treatment is necessary. The major sequela of such an attack is a risk of infertility, the interior of this long canal being obstructed by adhesions.

It can also appear a cyst on the epididymis. The patient then feels a ball, or several if there are several cysts. This cyst can be embarrassing or painful. A surgical operation is sometimes necessary to remove it. This intervention requires only one day of hospitalization, or two, in the absence of complications or unforeseen events.

Localized trauma in the testicular region can damage the epididymis.

Popular Posts

Category What There Is To Know, Next Article

Rules: abnormal rules - What There Is To Know
What There Is To Know

Rules: abnormal rules

Depending on the woman or age, various disorders or symptoms may appear before or during menstruation and cause questions or even worry. Thus, the rules may be abnormal because they are absent, irregular, or very long, or because they are painful. Here are the most common disorders: The absence of rules The absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) can have various origins, the main one being a possible pregnancy
Read More
The rules (menstruation) - What There Is To Know
What There Is To Know

The rules (menstruation)

The life of a woman, from puberty to menopause, is punctuated by her hormonal cycles and therefore her periods. But what are they for? How does a menstrual cycle work ? What to do in case of painful periods, or abnormal bleeding ? In this file, we will explain what happens in a woman's body during her period
Read More
The abortion pill: how is it going? - What There Is To Know
What There Is To Know

The abortion pill: how is it going?

The principle of drug-induced abortion is that of a spontaneous miscarriage with very heavy menstruation, caused by the taking of what is called the "abortion pill". In France, around 40% of abortions are medicated. Your doctor will give you two types of medications to take 48 hours apart: The first drug is mifepristone ( RU486 )
Read More