Diseases

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is an infectious disease of the liver. Some hepatitis is caused by viruses and causes inflammation of the liver . These are mainly hepatitis A, B, C.

Several types of viruses are responsible for these hepatitis:

  • hepatitis A virus (HAV),
  • hepatitis B virus (HBV),
  • hepatitis C virus (HCV).

There are other less frequent hepatitis (E, F, G ...).

Each of these hepatitis has a different mode of transmission, more or less spectacular manifestations but especially an evolution of the particular disease, some are frequently benign others may become chronic and cause chronic lesions in the liver.

Hepatitis B is an infectious disease of the liver. WHO regards this disease as a major public health problem, along with AIDS. Moreover, the disease causes more deaths in our country than AIDS: 1, 000 deaths a year.

That said, of the 300 000 cases of hepatitis B in France, half do not require treatment. Indeed, once in two, the disease is well supported and causes only mild symptoms. For those concerned, we speak of "inactive" carriers.

The risk exists when the disease becomes chronic. In this case, it can evolve "low noise", ie without signs until cirrhosis or cancer of the liver. Hence the interest of screening.

Hepatitis B is transmitted through unprotected sex, or through blood (such as AIDS and hepatitis C). Its mode of transmission is different from that of hepatitis A. The virus is found in blood, sexual secretions ... The disease is transmitted to a healthy individual as soon as the virus comes into contact with its blood. The virus is not fragile: it can live in the open air on toiletries; therefore, anything that touches the skin and can cause even minor injury should not be shared.

This article will allow you to know the effectiveness of treatments for hepatitis B, especially new drugs, but also their side effects, the importance of screening, the means of prevention ...

Essentials on the most common STDs:

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Read also :

> Hepatitis B: A shortage of vaccines affects France
> Liver diseases
> STDs: What you need to know
> Know how to detect an STD
> Contraception: Protecting yourself is essential!

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