The causes of school failure are manifold. There is no typical profile of the child in difficulty, this failure can be translated in many ways:
1. Learning difficulties
The learning difficulties of reading, calculation, logic are diverse. Although you should not panic and immediately think of a specific problem, you have to be vigilant.
Some students suffer from dyslexia, they confuse certain letters and fail to dissociate them. Other children have dyscalculia which results in failure in learning the first elements of calculation. Other students suffer from dysorthography, they have difficulty adapting the basic spelling rules and make many spelling mistakes.
Some children accumulate difficulties in French and mathematics, because the difficulties of understanding the language prevent them from grasping statements.
It is therefore essential to offer a complete spell check, to target the difficulties encountered by the child. Some speech therapists have special training (Study Group on the Psychopathology of Logical-Mathematical Activities, GEPALM) that allows them to help children both in logic and mathematics.
2. School phobia
It is a child who, brutally or gradually, no longer wants to go to school, while at home he never refuses to work. This is what distinguishes school phobia from school refusal. Before going to school, the child may show physical signs of anxiety: tachycardia, nausea, pallor, stomachaches ... and justify his refusal to go to school. This is not a whim but a real phobia. It seems more common among boys and children aged 5 to 13 years old.
Phobia can be triggered by trauma caused by a particular event (racketeering, physical violence ...). In this case, as soon as the child feels safe again, his fear will disappear. Other times, the origins are harder to identify.
It may be helpful to meet with the teacher or one of the child's teachers, who may be able to enlighten you on the source of the problem.
On the other hand, if the phobia persists disproportionately, do not hesitate to consult a child psychiatrist or a psychologist. The school phobia is not a problem to neglect because it can lead to withdrawal, desocialization, depression ... with then a school failure.
3. Early children
A child is said to be precocious when he is mentally ahead of other children. Early children get intelligence quotients greater than 130 . These children may experience academic failure, because teaching in a classical class of their age, is not really suited to their desire to learn, nor to their abilities ...
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It aims to promote the learning of unfulfilled notions, and to allow the child to be in a situation of academic success. Repetition takes into account the fact that each child is different and has his own rhythm. It is sometimes linked to a question of maturity: some children need a few months or even a year to assimilate the concepts learned in class.
However, repetition does not always have the desired effects. While it may be beneficial for some children who live it as a chance for success, others on the contrary live it as a failure. In some cases, repetition can be stressful for the child and the family. Children sometimes perceive repetition negatively and do not see the benefits.
Repetition is a decision that must be considered by the parents and the child, and with the teaching team, possibly based on a projective psychological assessment.
If it turns out that repetition reaches deeply the child, it will be better to make him catch up during the school holidays, or, depending on his age, to consider a re-orientation to school.
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