Diseases

Hysteria: the causes

Since hysteria has been described by Charcot and Freud neurologists , understanding of causes has been broadened.

According to psychoanalytic theories, hysteria is the clinical manifestation of an inner psychic conflict. The latter being characterized by a repression of sexual impulses, incompatible with the social conventions of the moment. And whose only expression bias goes through the unconscious simulation of physical symptoms. This would avoid the feeling of guilt, and thus maintain a kind of psychic balance. Today, if psychoanalytic theory is not rejected by all psychiatrists, it remains criticized and supplanted by recent discoveries in neuroimaging.

Contemporary brain imaging of speech symptoms highlights areas of brain hyperactivity associated with areas of hypoactivity. These pioneering studies that authenticate a biological carrier to hysterical conversion have paved the way for many research programs.

In addition to the strictly psychological and neurobiological causes, some doctors have considered trauma and child abuse as risk factors for hysterical conversion. Thus, an accumulation of stress in childhood, whatever it may be, could be involved in the genesis of hysteria.

Finally, social causes can also be incriminated. The expression of hysteria is different depending on the context and the time in which it occurs. It should be noted that since the liberalization of women in the 1960s, the "crises" of hysteria as described in the nineteenth century have now almost disappeared.

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Read also :

> Hypochondria: the fear of being sick
> Cyclothemia: when the mood comes and goes
> Anxiety crisis: I learn to manage!
> Anti-stress tips: how to fight stress?

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