Symptoms of hypercholesterolemia are absent at the beginning of the disease, as long as the excess cholesterol has not had time to act. But over time, the consequences can be major, sometimes very serious ... and ultimately lead to particularly severe symptoms and problems.The consequences of hypercholesterolemia appear gradually. If the blood contains too much "bad cholesterol" (LDL), these small molecules can clump into plaques in the vessel walls and damage them or build up what are known as "atheroma plaques". Depending on the location of these atheroma plaques on our arteries, different types of disease may occur ...
The consequences range from simple arterial inflammation to cerebrovascular accidents and coronary pathologies (the vessels of the heart). Hypercholesterolemia can therefore be the source of major health problems. It is therefore important to prevent any risk of increased blood cholesterol, and to correct it if necessary.
Note this symptom often related to hypercholesterolemia: a xanthoma, a small spot, white plaque on the skin at the corner of the eyelids. If the doctor notices this skin symptom, he prescribes a blood test to check for cholesterolemia.
The most important is the result of the blood test to know what therapeutic strategy to put in place in case of hypercholesterolemia.
The treatments are decided according to the result of HDL-cholesterol and other associated risk factors which are:
- Age: A man aged 50 or over, a woman aged 60 or over;
- Family history of coronary heart disease: myocardial infarction or sudden death before age 55 in a male relative close to the first degree, or a myocardial infarction or sudden death before age 65 in a female first degree relative;
- Current or current smoking status less than 3 years ago
- Treated or untreated high blood pressure;
- Type 2 diabetes;
- HDL-cholesterol 0.6 g / l (1.5 mmol / l) is considered a protection factor.