Diseases

Hepatitis B: treatments

Hepatitis B virus carriers do not all require treatment. It will be prescribed only in certain cases, especially during chronic active hepatitis (which can progress to serious complications).

Today, there is no definitive cure for hepatitis B. Existing drugs block the spread of the virus, make it disappear from the circulating blood, and prevent complications.

In all cases of chronic hepatitis, the following recommendations are important to avoid promoting progression to cirrhosis:

  • Stop the consumption of alcohol,
  • Precautions for taking drugs that may be toxic to the liver (such as paracetamol),
  • Treatment of the risks of fat overload (overweight, diabetes, too much cholesterol, too much triglycerides).
    When the disease must be treated, there are 5 validated treatments (seniority: interferon, lamivudine, adefovir, entecavir and tenofovir), the most effective being: tenofovir, entecavir and interferon.
  • Tenofovir is an antiviral drug also used in HIV treatments. It has the ability to significantly reduce the viral load of the patient.
    It does not cure the disease, but it allows, in most cases to stabilize it. The dosage is one tablet a day. Side effects are very rare (sometimes kidney failure). The risk of developing resistance to this drug is less than 5% at 5 years.
  • Entecavir is also a very effective antiviral in first intention. The side effects are exceptional. The risk of developing resistance to this drug is less than 5% at 5 years.
  • Interferon. Interferons are proteins naturally produced by the immune system. Their role is to defend the body against certain pathogens such as viruses. Used in the treatment of hepatitis B, interferons appear to have a more prolonged action than other treatments, with less relapse within a year of stopping treatment.

However, they cause more painful side effects: depression, hair loss, skin disorders, falling white blood cells (therefore, immune defenses), influenza syndromes ...

But again, for the time being, there is no treatment capable of definitively curing hepatitis B. Existing treatments only make it possible to reduce viral loads and to avoid or delay liver complications.

Want to share, share your experience or need advice? Appointment in our FORUMS STD, Sexuality or A doctor answers you!

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Cushing's disease: the causes - Diseases
Diseases

Cushing's disease: the causes

It is important to differentiate between Cushing's syndrome and Cushing's disease. The first is a term given to all the symptoms caused by the excess of cortisol in the blood. The second is a diagnosis in itself. 1 - The causes of Cushing's disease The cause of Cushing's disease is an adenoma (a benign tumor) in the pituitary gland
Read More
Color blindness - Diseases
Diseases

Color blindness

Color blindness or dyschromatopsia is a relatively common condition. The origin of this eye disease is related to abnormalities affecting a thin membrane covering the inside of the eye: the retina. Sensitive to light, the retina is made up of millions of cells that send light messages to the brain, which analyze them and allow us to visualize them as images
Read More
Tendonitis of the elbow: Symptoms - Diseases
Diseases

Tendonitis of the elbow: Symptoms

You try to uncap a bottle or screw an object, a sharp pain in the elbow arises. The symptoms of elbow tendinitis manifest as pain while a specific gesture is made. But sometimes this pain can be persistent. This is a pain that "launches" ... The pain is located in correspondence of the external bone of the elbow, and can go up on the arm or down to the wrist
Read More
Asthma in a child: the advice of the specialist doctor - Diseases
Diseases

Asthma in a child: the advice of the specialist doctor

The advice of Professor Jocelyne Just, medical specialist at the center of asthma and allergies at Armand Trousseau Hospital in Paris. Should we always be afraid of asthma in a child? To be afraid, no! We now have the means to fight against this syndrome. On the other hand, you have to be very vigilant
Read More