Diseases

Anaphylactic shock: the treatments

There is only one possible emergency treatment for anaphylactic shock: intramuscular injection of adrenaline. This substance is naturally present in our adrenal glands, and is released in case of stress.

The epinephrine sting is able to stop the effects of massive histamine release, causing tightening of blood vessels, an acceleration of the heartbeat and stimulation of the heart.

Adrenaline is prescribed to patients at risk for triggering anaphylactic shock in the form of an auto-injectable pen. The use is very simple: we remove the cap and we can inject adrenaline directly into the skin of the thigh, even through the fabric of the pants in case of extreme emergency.

Adrenaline can be used in babies, from 15 kilos.

In case of doubts about the severity of the allergic crisis, it is advisable to still get the adrenaline puncture, because it is not really dangerous compared to the risks of anaphylactic shock.

If you do not have an adrenaline pen, at the first signs of anaphylactic shock, you have to lie down on the side and call the emergency department on the 15th.

If we act quickly, generally, the evolution of the crisis is favorable. Even if, after the adrenaline puncture, the patient is recovering quickly, you still need to call the 15 or a doctor.

After anaphylactic shock, the patient must always be hospitalized and kept in intensive care for at least 24 hours, in order to monitor the eventual occurrence of a secondary phase of anaphylactic shock.

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