Chikungunya: risks and solutions

Chikungunya or CHIK is a tropical infectious disease caused by a virus of the arbovirus family. Chikungunya means "walking in half" in Swahili. Malagasy call this disease the disease of the curved man.

Arboviruses are very numerous and give arboviroses (viral diseases) characterized by fever associated with joint pain: the best known are the dengue virus, O'Nyong-Nyong (ONN) and CHIK.

Chikungunya appeared in the 1950s in Tanzania, the virus was also isolated in Southeast Asia and India; it is epidemic in the inter-tropical regions of Africa and Asia.

Indonesia experienced 24 epidemics between 2001 and 2003, Senegal suffered a major epidemic between 1996 and 1997, the Democratic Republic of Congo between 1999 and 2000. The islands of the Indian Ocean were also affected: the Comoros, Mayotte, Mauritius, Reunion, Madagascar.

In Réunion, since the beginning of 2006, the CHIK virus seems more virulent, the number of patients affected is important, the signs of the disease are more severe. Measures have been taken to severely limit the spread of the disease, particularly in Reunion and Mauritius.

As for the Chikungunya epidemic that appeared in December 2013 in the West Indies and Guyana, which has already affected 147, 000 people, it is currently stabilizing.

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Impatiens in the legs: restless legs syndrome - Diseases

Impatiens in the legs: restless legs syndrome

Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is a nervous system disorder that affects women more often and affects about 2% of the adult population. Also note that this syndrome is also called Willis-Ekbom disease. RLS is an uncontrollable need to move one's legs, especially when one is at rest, with impatience (which is why one also speaks of impatience in the legs)
Read More
Type 1 diabetes: what is it exactly? - Diseases

Type 1 diabetes: what is it exactly?

Type I diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), is an autoimmune disease. It is due to the destruction of pancreatic cells specialized in the production of insulin, which makes treatment by insulin injections mandatory. Normally, after eating a meal, the sugar (glucose) level in the blood increases, and the body consequently releases a major hormone, insulin
Read More
Eczema: sources and notes - Diseases

Eczema: sources and notes

Authors : Dr. Nicolas Evrard, Audrey Amaury and Dr. Ada Picard. Sources : - JR. Manciet, Eczemas, AKOS (Treatise on Medicine), 2001. - CDEF, Item 114 - Cutaneous and mucosal allergies in children and adults: contact eczema, Annals of Dermatology and Venereology, Volume 139, issue 11S (October 2012).
Read More
Tuberculosis: the causes - Diseases

Tuberculosis: the causes

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria. The bacterium in question is Koch's bacillus. Only the respiratory forms (pulmonary, bronchial, laryngeal) are contagious. Koch's bacillus is transmitted by air through respiratory secretions and saliva droplets from a person with contagious TB
Read More