Attack of panic: the causes

The occurrence of a panic attack may have several different causes.

The panic attack can occur in a context of significant stress, conflict, news, or a big change. Sometimes, unusual physical sensations, such as malaise or a feeling of tachycardia, can cause a panic attack. Some phobias, such as social phobia, ereuphobia (the fear of blushing in public), or claustrophobia can promote the onset of a panic attack.

The panic disorder affects mostly women and settles between 20 and 30 years. There are several potential causes for panic disorder.

Some associate separation anxiety in childhood - characterized by difficulty in separating from parents when going to school or in a colony - and the onset of panic disorder. Neurobiological theories involving different brain neurotransmitters including norepinephrine or serotonin are also discussed to explain the causes of a panic attack.

Moreover, panic disorder can be explained by cognitive-behavioral theories that do not exclude the causes described above. In question: the traumatic experience of a panic attack and the conditioning it induces. There has been a panic attack - or even unidentified unease - and there is a fear that it will start again. This is called anticipatory anxiety. This anxiety is characterized by the fear of making a new crisis. It's like "the fear of being scared". The result is a vicious circle of anxiety, which is responsible for the appearance of a panic disorder. The subject is conditioned, and responds to fear reflexively by a panic attack.

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