Nutrition

20 tips for a low potassium diet

Potassium (K, from Latin: kalium) is a mineral salt that plays a vital role in the proper functioning of the body. The latter absorbs the potassium supplied by the diet and the filter by the kidneys, to then remove some of it through the urine.

If it is important to avoid a lack of potassium, too high potassium levels in the blood can be dangerous, and have serious consequences (eg serious heart problems). In some diseases, especially in cases of chronic renal failure, it is even vital to limit potassium intake.

Since potassium is present in many foods of both animal origin (meat, fish, dairy products) and vegetable (fruits and vegetables), it is not always easy to limit potassium intake. But the following tips will help you!

Here are some tips for a low potassium diet:

1) Reduce your meat consumption
2) Bet more on GOOD vegetables
3) Avoid quick cooking ...
4) Attention to the preparation of vegetables
5) Choose the fruits that make you feel good!
6) Limit dried fruits and vegetables
7) Watch out for fish and seafood!
8) Choose the right dairy products!
9) Beware of whole grains!
10) Reduce your salt intake
11) Avoid foods rich in additives
12) Limit sweet foods
13) Be careful with some herbs and spices
14) Drink water!
15) Reduce your coffee consumption
16) Beware of fruit juice!
17) Limit your alcohol consumption
18) Avoid food supplements ...
19) Respect the recommended quantities
20) Beware of drugs!

1) Reduce your meat consumption

Beef, pork, mutton and poultry (chicken and turkey) are rich in potassium, as are veal liver, smoked bacon and bacon, grilled meats and dried meats.

Note: do not consume juices from roast meat!

2) Bet more on vegetables - but the good ones!

Some vegetables are very rich, others are quite low in potassium, the differences are enormous. It is therefore a question of choosing the good anti-potassium allies among the vegetables:

Yes to: green peppers, lettuce, iceberg salad, cucumber, endives, leeks, onion, mung shoots

No to: spinach, mushrooms, avocados, fennel, tomatoes (and tomato products).

  • To discover: See the complete list of vegetables, fruits ... and their potassium content

3) Avoid fast cooking with steam, stew or frying

Give up chips and french fries. and prefer cooking methods that eliminate a large part of potassium (see point 4 below).

4) Ensure proper preparation of vegetables

Potassium is soluble in water. Thus, desalinating and boiling twice certain foods can reduce their potassium content by almost half. This is particularly true for root vegetables such as potatoes and sweet potatoes.

  • Desalination : put the vegetables 3-5 hours in a large amount of water, then discard the water.
  • Cooking : put the vegetables in a large amount of water, boil the first time, throw the water. Put again water and boil the vegetables a second time, throw the water.

Important: do not consume the water for preparing soups and vegetable broths!

Tip: Do not forget to peel the vegetables before cooking! Diced or thin slices, vegetables "lose" more easily their potassium in the water.

Also note that cooking can increase the potassium levels of certain vegetables such as broccoli, mushrooms, Brussels sprouts and spinach!

5) Choose the fruits that make you feel good!

Bet on blueberries, cranberry, apple, pear, watermelon, sour cherries.
Avoid bananas, currant and blackcurrant, kiwi, apricot, melon, persimmon, raspberries, rhubarb, quince.

  • To read: The complete list of vegetables, fruits ... and their potassium content

Note: prefer cooked fruits (compote) with raw fruits, they contain less potassium. If you eat raw fruits, do not forget to peel them!

6) Limit your consumption of pulses, dried fruits and oleaginous fruits!

For example: white beans, lentils, almonds, chestnuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, dates, figs, apricots or dried prunes.
These are real potassium bombs!

7) Watch out for fish, molluscs and seafood!

Some fish and seafood are rich in potassium, including: mackerel, canned sardines, tuna, scorpionfish, mullet, herring and oysters!

8) Choose the right dairy products!

Beware of cow's milk, especially avoid milk powder and ½ skim!
If possible, replace cow's milk products with alternative products, such as rice milk (which contains less protein than soy milk or almonds).

If you do not want to deprive yourself of cow's milk, here are our tips to reduce your potassium intake:

  • replace yoghurt with cottage cheese which is lower in potassium.
  • replace the milk with a mixture of water and cream (proportion 2 to 1)!

Animal or vegetable proteins?

We can do without meat, but no matter how. Medical focus with weighty arguments: 10 scientific things about animal (and vegetable) proteins!

9) Beware of whole grains!

Prefer rice, pasta and white bread, rather than their full version (which contains potassium a lot of potassium).

10) Reduce your salt intake

Table salt usually contains potassium. Also avoid diet salt and salt substitutes that are usually high in potassium.

Read: Discover 10 more tips for a low potassium diet!

Want to react, share your experience or ask a question? See you in our FORUMS Nutrition or A doctor answers you!

Read also:

> Potassium: practical tips
> Too much potassium? Here are 20 tips for a low potassium diet i
> WHO recommendations on salt and potassum in food
> All about trace elements

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